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Open Access Article

Advances in International Finance. 2022; 4: (1) ; 49-56 ; DOI: 10.12208/j.aif.20220003.

The Impact of U.S. Intellectual Property Barriers on the Export of China's Electronic Information Products
美国知识产权壁垒对我国电子信息产品出口的影响研究

作者: 张海霞*, 谢锐敏, 刘美婷

广东金融学院经济贸易学院 广东广州

*通讯作者: 张海霞,单位:广东金融学院经济贸易学院 广东广州;

发布时间: 2022-05-16 总浏览量: 222

摘要

电子信息产业是我国出口贸易增长的支柱产业,美国作为我国电子信息产品第一大出口国,频繁对我国电子信息企业发起337调查知识产权壁垒。因此,为了提高我国电子信息企业应对美国知识产权壁垒的能力,和促进我国电子信息产品的出口,本文把美国知识产权壁垒作为研究对象,首先分析了2005-2019年间我国电子信息产品出口及遭遇美国知识产权壁垒现状,并通过贸易引力模型实证研究美国知识产权壁垒对我国电子信息产品出口的影响程度。研究结果表明:美国337知识产权调查案件数每增加1%,我国电子信息产品对美出口额约将下降0.1%,说明美国知识产权壁垒对我国电子信息产品的出口有一定的抑制作用。最后,根据研究结论,本文从政府、行业和企业层面提出了相关建议。

关键词: 电子信息产品;知识产权壁垒;337调查;贸易引力

Abstract

The electronic information industry is a pillar industry for the growth of China's export trade. As China's largest exporter of electronic information products, the United States frequently initiates 337 investigations of intellectual property barriers against Chinese electronic information companies. Therefore, in order to improve the ability of China's electronic information enterprises to cope with the intellectual property barriers of the United States and promote the export of China's electronic information products, this article takes the US intellectual property barriers as the research object. It first analyzes China's electronic information product exports and encounters with US intellectual property barriers from 2005 to 2019, and empirically studies the impact of US intellectual property barriers on China's electronic information product exports using gravity model.It shows that for every 1% increase in the number of US 337 IP investigation cases, China's electronic information product exports to the United States will drop by approximately 0.1%, indicating that US intellectual property barriers have a certain inhibitory effect on China's electronic information product exports. Finally, based on the research conclusions, this article puts forward relevant suggestions from the government, industry and enterprise levels.

Key words: Electronic Information Products; Intellectual Property Barriers;337 Investigation; Trade Gravity

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引用本文

张海霞, 谢锐敏, 刘美婷 美国知识产权壁垒对我国电子信息产品出口的影响研究[J]. 国际金融进展, 2022; 4: (1) : 49-56.